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FinEdFriday: How to Create an Estate Plan at Any Age Thumbnail

FinEdFriday: How to Create an Estate Plan at Any Age

You may understand the importance of estate planning, but sometimes it’s a question of where to start. No matter your net worth or age, you need a plan set in place that can help your heirs understand your final wishes and distribute your estate properly. As you prepare to discuss with a financial professional (who can offer general guidance according to your specific financial life) and estate planning attorney (who can actually write up the documents according to their legal expertise), here are a few tips and considerations to keep in mind.

Name an Executor

After your passing, you’ll want to have somebody in place who can execute your wishes. This person is aptly named an executor, or personal representative, depending on your state of residence.  

Many people choose a spouse, sibling, child, or close friend as executor. In most cases, the job is fairly straightforward. Still, you might give special consideration to someone who is well organized and capable of handling financial matters. Someone who is respected by your heirs and a good communicator also may help make the process run smoothly.

Above all, an executor should be someone trustworthy, since this person will have a legal responsibility to manage your money, pay your debts (including taxes), and distribute your assets to your beneficiaries as stated in your will.

If your estate is large or you anticipate a significant amount of court time for your executor, you might think of naming a bank, lawyer, or financial professional. These individuals will typically charge a fee, which would be paid by the estate. In some families, singling out one child or sibling as executor could be construed as favoritism, so naming an outside party may be a good alternative.

Understand Taxes

Tax planning should be an integral part of your estate planning strategy. You’ll want to work with a tax professional who can help you navigate state inheritance laws and federal estate taxes. The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act raised the federal estate tax significantly, making it easier for families to maintain their estate when transferring to loved ones. Estates with combined gross assets under $11,700,000 (for individuals) are not required to file an estate tax return.1 However, there is a possibility that this amount can be brought back down to its pre-2017 level, adjusted for inflation (possibly 6-7 million dollars).  

Also, different types of accounts are inherited differently.  For example, if a non-spouse or sibling greater than 10 years younger or older were to inherit a traditional Individual Retirement Account (IRA), they are now required to withdraw the amount as income by the 10th year following the death of the owner. For many, this could place the heir in a higher tax bracket, but can be anticipated with proper tax planning. 

Prepare Your Health Care Documents

Healthcare documents spell out your wishes for health care if you become unable to make medical decisions for yourself. They also authorize a person to make decisions on your behalf if that should prove necessary.

These documents may include:

  • Living will
  • Power of attorney agreement
  • Durable power of attorney agreement for healthcare

Assess Your Life Insurance Policy

When was the last time you assessed your life insurance coverage? Have you compared the life insurance benefit with your financial obligations? Keep in mind that several factors will affect the cost and availability of life insurance including age, health and the type and amount of insurance purchased.

Life insurance policies have expenses, including mortality and other charges. If a policy is surrendered prematurely, the policyholder also may pay surrender charges and have income tax implications. You should consider determining whether you are insurable before implementing a strategy involving life insurance. Any guarantees associated with a policy are dependent on the ability of the issuing insurance company to continue making claim payments.

Write a Letter of Intent

A letter of intent is a non-legal document that outlines your wishes. A strong, well-written letter may save your heirs time, effort and expense as they administer your estate. It acts as a message from the deceased and can include an array of information from providing organization and outlining last wishes, to detailing information and sending personal messages. Consider including instructions for your funeral arrangements and other details that are important to you. Most advisors have well-known templates of these letters that you can use to get started.  

Organize Your Documents

After your passing, you’ll want your heirs and executor to be able to easily obtain and access important documents. 

These documents may include:

  • Your will
  • Trust documents
  • Passwords for digital assets and storage
  • Life insurance policies
  • Deeds to any real estate, and certificates for stocks, bonds, annuities
  • Information on your financial accounts and safe deposit boxes
  • Information on your retirement plans
  • Information on any debts you have: credit cards, mortgages and loans

Talk to Your Family

This should be #1. Many family dynamics and transfers of wealth break down because of one "simple" reason...a lack of communication. With the help of a financial planner and an attorney, you can structure a will or trust that accounts for everyone you wish to provide for. The more clear and specific you can be the better, as you will reduce the amount of confusion among your family. Otherwise, everyone who thinks they deserve something from your estate may try to extract it in probate. Or, for the very reason Ambient exists, your heirs will have to spend a significant portion of their mental and emotional energy trying to understand your final wishes, leaving little room for actual mourning, celebration of life, etc.

There are many factors to consider when creating an estate plan. Before diving into the estate planning process, you should consult with a financial professional and estate planning lawyer. They will help you make sure you’ve covered all the bases when working to plan for your passing or incapacitation. And remember, it is NEVER too early to have these conversations.

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  1. https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/estate-tax

This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security.